Depending on the type of LED light fixture, you may have to change the wiring to make it work. There are several things you should know before you do this. These include whether you can splice the wires or if you need to use direct wiring, and whether there are any obstructions in the wiring that could prevent the LED light from functioning properly.
Direct wire LEDs
Whether you are upgrading a fluorescent tube or installing a new light fixture, there are certain things you need to know about wiring direct wire LEDs. The correct way to connect LEDs will ensure proper operation of the lamp.
Using a multimeter to determine polarity is a must. Anode and cathode are the positive and negative connections on an LED. A polarized connector is the ideal way to connect the power supply to an LED board.
A common mistake made by even the most experienced electricians is crossing wires. This can cause electrical shock and product damage. Also, be sure to keep all wires clean and straight.
In many cases, the power supply must be rated for short circuit protection to avoid damage to LEDs. A current of 15mA is usually recommended for most circuits.
Shunted or non-shunted lampholders
Whether you're replacing a lamp or installing a new one, you'll need to know the difference between shunted and non-shunted lampholders. Not knowing the difference can cause problems, such as short-circuits or electrical fires. The best way to tell the difference is with a voltage meter.
Sockets are electrical components that provide power to a lamp. They are usually located at the base of the light fixture. If you're not sure which type your fixture uses, you can use a continuity tester. However, it's important to remember that it's a visual inspection, so it's not always reliable. You can also use a multi-meter to determine the type.
The difference between shunted and non-shunted sockets is the way electrical current flows through the ballast. In a shunted socket, electricity flows through a single wire and then spreads to two contacts.
Obstructions in the wiring
Using the right tools, and a little elbow grease, you can install a new set of LED lights in no time at all. Among the most important parts of the process are the correct wire connectors. You may also need to use a little heat shrink. It's also possible to splice the wires together in a single step. You may even want to enlist the help of a couple of friends to help you with the heavy lifting.
One of the best ways to do this is to buy a set of pre-made LED wire connectors. These are inexpensively available in most hardware stores. They are also designed to be durable. After all, you are going to be dealing with wires in close quarters for quite some time.
Faulty fixture drivers
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Whether you are installing a new light or need to repair an old one, you need to know how to properly splice wires. If you do not, you risk a melted electrical connection, or a fire hazard. If you have any doubts, call a professional.
There are several basic ways to splice wires. Pigtail splicing is ideal for joining three or more wires. It is important to bend the wires at right angles.
Twist on wire caps can also be used to secure wires. These are available in different sizes and colors. They protect insulated wires and ground wires. If the wires have been stripped, they can be soldered or taped.
If the wires are not insulated, the only way to secure them is to tape them. A good brand of plastic electrical tape is recommended.
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